A Romantic City, a Liberal City

San Francisco is surrounded on three sides by water. It is famous for its bridges, fog, and foghorns. San Francisco has 40 hills. It is fa­mous for its cable cars, which climb these hills, and for its bright houses that cling to the hills along steep and narrow streets. San Francisco is a wonderful city to explore on foot.

San Francisco also has a reputation as an intellectual, liberal, and slightly crazy city—a city where new and different ideas can be ex­plored.

In the 1950s, San Francisco’s North Beach area was a center for "beat poets"; Allen Gins­berg, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, and others gave
poetry readings in bookstores and coffee houses.

In the mid-1960s, the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco gave rise to hippies (and even to the word "hippie," which comes from the adjective "hip," meaning "aware"). The focus was on rock music, drugs like mar­ijuana and LSD, and love and peace. By 1969 buses of tourists were being driven through Haight-Ashbury.

The college protests that swept America in the late 1960s also began in the San Fran­cisco area—at the University of California, Berkeley, across San Francisco Bay. Always


A cable car


Gay Pride Day in San Francisco

known for academic excellence, in the 60s and 70s Berkeley was even more known for student protest.

Although many movements have faded from the San Francisco scene, the gay rights movement remains strong. San Francisco has one of America’s largest gay communities. Gays play an active role in everything from the city’s nightlife to its politics.

Visiting San Francisco

Stop in some restaurants. San Francisco’s res­taurant tradition goes back to forty-niner days. (The first French restaurant, Poulet D’Or, opened in 1849; the miners, unfamiliar with

French, called it "Poodle Dog.") Today there are over 4,500 restaurants, serving every cuis­ine including "California cuisine." California cuisine is based on fresh ingredients and sim­ple but unusual combinations, like grilled tuna with raspberry sauce.

Bookstores in San Francisco are just as varied. Lawrence Ferlinghetti’s City Lights Bookstore specializes in poetry. Or, if you pre­fer mysteries, there’s a bookstore with noth­ing but mysteries—even its bathroom has shelves of mysteries!

To see a genuinely ethnic area, go to Chinatown, the largest Chinese neighbor­hood outside Asia.

Golden Gate Bridge

Don’t leave San Francisco without seeing the structure that has become its symbol—the Golden Gate Bridge. This beautiful orange suspension bridge, which opened in 1937, goes between San Francisco and Marin County to its north.

Подпись: The Golden Gate Bridge
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The bridge was first proposed in 1869 by "Emperor" Norton, a forty-niner who, having lost his money and his mind, had declared himself emperor of the United States. Nor­ton’s ideas about an empire may have been crazy, but his idea about a suspension bridge for San Francisco was just ahead of its time. It took twentieth-century technology and the engineering genius of a man named Joseph Strauss to bring the Golden Gate Bridge into existence.

Two Quizzes

A. The facts in some of these sentences are

correct, but in others they are not. Correct the

sentences that are wrong.

1. Some say Enrico Caruso’s greatest perfor­mance came when he sang the national anthem before a World Series game.

2. The Poulet D’Or, a restaurant that recently opened in San Francisco, specializes in Cal­ifornia cuisine.

3. If you go to a restaurant that serves Cali­fornia cuisine, you are more likely to have fish with berries than steak with potatoes.

4. San Francisco is famous for its cable cars and bridges; in fact, the Golden Gate Bridge has become a symbol of San Francisco.

5. The Golden Gate Bridge was built by an engineering genius who was nicknamed "Emperor" Norton.

6. Over the years, San Francisco has been a center for beat poets, hippies, student protestors, and gays.

B. Replace the italicized words with appropri­ate nouns or phrases.

1. It grew rapidly as a result of the Gold Rush.

2. Two of them occurred in 1906 and 1989.

3. There were many of them in Haight-Ash – bury in the mid-1960s.

4. That is what it was known for back then, although today it’s just known for its aca­demic excellence.