Food in America

 

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section 1

A First Look

A. Background Building

DIRECTIONS: Wherever you come from, food is an important part of life. Think about your day yesterday and think about what you ate. An­swer the following questions. Discuss them with your class­mates.

1. Did you eat breakfast? Yes No Alone?

With family? With friends?

2. If yes, what did you have? Drinks: coffee, tea, milk, juice Food: toast, cereal, eggs, pancakes, doughnuts

3. Did you eat lunch? Yes No Alone?

With family? With friends?

4. What did you have?

5. Did you eat dinner in a restaurant? In a cafeteria? At home? Alone? With family? With friends?

6. What did you have?

7. If you ate at home, who cooked?

8. Ask your teacher what he or she had to eat yesterday. Does your teacher seem to like to eat healthy food or "junk" food?

B. Topic

DIRECTIONS: Before you begin to read, look at these topics. There is one topic for each paragraph. Look quickly at the reading to find these topics. Do not read every word at this point. Write the number of the paragraph next to the topic of that paragraph.

1. fast food

2. _______ ethnic food

3. _______ traditional food in the United States

4. a return to natural, unprocessed food

5. changing attitudes about food

С Reading

DIRECTIONS: Now read.

Many changes are taking place in "food styles" in the United 1

States. The United States is traditionally famous for its very solid 2

1 and unchanging diet of meat and potatoes. Now we have many dif – 3

ferent alternatives to choose from: various ethnic food, health food, 4

and fast food, in addition to the traditional home-cooked meal. 5

Ethnic restaurants and supermarkets are commonplace in the 6

United States. Because the United States is a country of immi – 7

grants, there is an immense variety. Any large American city is filled 8

with restaurants serving international cooking. Many cities even 9

have ethnic sections: Chinatown, Little Italy, or Germantown. With 10 this vast ethnic choice, we can enjoy food from all over the world. 11

2 This is a pleasant thought for those who come here to travel or to 12

work; they can usually find their native specialties: – tabouli, arepas, 13

or miso soupJBesides sections of the cities, there are regions which 14

are well known for certain food because of the people who settled 15

there. For example, southern California has many Mexican restau – 16

rants, and Louisiana has a strong Creole accent to its food. (Creole 17

is a mixture of French, African, and Carribean Island food.) 18

Health food gained popularity when people began to think 19 more seriously about their physical well-being. The very term health 20

food is ironic because it implies that there is also "unhealthy" food. 21 Health food is fresh, natural, unprocessed food. It does not contain 22

3 preservatives to make it last longer or chemicals to make it taste 23

or look better. Most health food enthusiasts are vegetarians: They 24

eat no meat; they prefer to get their essential proteins from other 25

sources, such aa(beans, cheese, and eggs./ 26

Fast-food restaurants are now expanding rapidly all over the 27

country. In the United States, speed is a very important factor. Peo – 28

pie usually have a short lunch break or they just do not want to 29

4 waste their time eating. Fast-food restaurants are places which take 30

care of hundreds of people in a short time. There is usually very 31

Uttle waiting, and the food is always cheap. Some examples are 32

‘«’burger and pizza Iplaces. 33

America’s attitude toward food is changing, too. The tradi – 34

tional big breakfast and dinner at 6:00 P. M. are losing popularity. 35

5 People are rediscovering the social importance of food. Dinner with 36

family or friends is again becoming a very special way of enjoying 37

and sharing. Like so many people in other cultures, many Ameri – 38

cans are taking time to relax and enjoy the finer tastes at dinner, 39

even if they still rush through lunch at a hamburger stand. 40

React

Underline one idea which surprised you in the reading. Tell the class why it surprised you.

D. Scanning/Vocabulary Part 1

DIRECTIONS: Scan the reading for these words. Write the number of the line where you find the word. Then compare its meaning in the sentence to the meaning of the word(s) on the right. Are the words similar or different? Write similar or different on the line-.

LINE

NUMBER SIMILAR OR DIFFERENT

1. traditionally

recently

2. waste

use with no benefit

3. essential

important

4. unchanging

fixed

5. native

foreign

6. gained

increased

7. well-being

health

8. fresh

processed

9. vegetarian

meat-eater

10. taking time

rush

Part 2

DIRECTIONS: Find a word or words in the reading that has (or have) the same meaning as the word(s) below, and write it on the line. The number of the line is given to help you.

1. well-known (2)______________________

2. choices (4)_________________________

3. different (4)________________________

4. usual (6) ________________

5. cultural (6)_________________________

6. areas (10)__________________________

7. enjoyable (12)______________________

8. strange (21)________________________

9. important (25)______________________

10. feeling (34)_________________________

E. Comprehension

DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions about each of the paragraphs in the reading.

Paragraph 1. Three categories of food are:

a.

b.

с_____________________

Paragraph 2. In the United States, there is food from around the world. Give two examples:

a.

b. ___________________

Paragraph 3. Many people are now interested in health food. What is health food?

Paragraph 4. Fast food has become very popular.
Write two reasons why.

a.

b.

Подпись: Paragraph 5. Americans are changing their feelings about food. Write two examples how.

a. They___________________________________________

b. They

section 2

Look Again

A. Vocabulary

DIRECTIONS: Circle the letter of the choice that best completes each sentence.

1. She is always on television. She is a(n)____ newscaster.

a. traditional b. essential с well-known

2. Fast-food restaurants are now____

a. specialties b. commonplace с factors

3. Immigration is an important factor in the_____ of ethnic restaurants.

a. sharing b. source с popularity

4. It is____ that they call her Smiley; I never see her smile.

a. ironic b. alternative с various

5. It is____ to have protein.

a. traditional b. ethnic с essential

6. Many people____ energy; they use it without thinking.

a. waste b. rush с rediscover

7. Fast food speed.

a. contains b. implies с takes care of

8. Don’t buy that bread. It isn’t_____

Подпись: 9. Подпись: Meat is a of protein. a. factor b. taste Подпись: с source

a. possible b. fresh с processed

10. American Indians are______ Americans.

Подпись: с internationala. native b. foreign

В. Reading Comprehension

DIRECTIONS: Circle the letter of the choice that best completes each sentence.

1. Meat and potatoes are examples of_____

a. the traditional b. processed food с health

American diet

2. Speed is a factor in the popularity of____

a. our attitude b. lunch breaks с fast-food restaurants

3. Germantown is an example of____

a. international cooking b. an ethnic neighborhood с a regional specialty

4. The author thinks that Americans are now eating dinner______

a. at 6:00 p. m. b. more quickly с later

5. Health food enthusiasts often____

a. like meat b. are vegetarians с eat processed food

6. People who come to the United States are pleased because____

a. they can find b. there are many с American food

their native food regional specialties is traditional

7. Americans are relaxing at dinner, but they are still______

a. rushing at lunch b. sharing it с losing

popularity

8. Подпись: с 'burger and pizza placesTwo important factors in fast-food restaurants are. a. speed and cost b. expansions and

lunch breaks

9. is a source of protein.

a. Fruit b. Meat с Natural food

10. An example of the traditional American attitude toward food is_____

a. a late lunch b. a quick lunch с health food

С Think About It

1. What are the most popular dishes in your country?

2. Is there fast food in your country? What is it like?

3. Which kind of food is eaten most often? Beef? Fish? Chicken?

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D. Graph Reading Part 1

What do Americans eat? Figure 1 from the U. S. Department of Agriculture can tell you.

DIRECTIONS: Read the graph in Figure I and answer the following guestions.

1. Figure 1 shows changes in American eating style. What four foods are listed?

2. According to the chart in Figure 1, which of the four is the most popular in the U. S.?

3. Which is the least popular?_____________________________

4. Which of the four increased most in popularity?_____________

5. Name one piece of information from Figure 1 that surprised you.

6. Would Figure 1 be different for people from your country? If not, why not? If yes,

why?____________________________________________________

Подпись: Part 2
What do Americans drink?

DIRECTIONS: Read the following information and then label the graph in Fig­ure 2. Write the italicized words under the bar that each one refers to.

In the year 1980, soft drinks such as colas were the most popular drinks in the United States consumed at the rate of 46 gallons per person per year. Milk was the next most popular drink at 27 gallons per person, followed by coffee at 25 gallons. Tea was at 6.8 gallons which is quite a bit below coffee. Juice was at 7.3 gallons. As for alcoholic drinks, beer was at 23 gallons per person. Wine was only slightly higher (2.5) than other alcoholic drinks (whiskey, vodka, etc.) which were the least popular of all drinks at 1.7 gallons per person.

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Figure 2

Section 3

Contact a Point of View

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Popcorn, potato chips, and candy are favorite foods for lots of Americans. Food such as this, which does not have nutritional value for the body, is often called junk food—meaning worthless or without any value. Think about what you have eaten during the last 24 hours. Did you have any junk food?

B. Timed Reading

DIRECTIONS: Read the following point of view and answer the questions in

four minutes.

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C. Vocabulary

DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blanks in the sentences with vocabulary from the reading. Make
necessary changes in the form of the word.

 

1. processed/junk/taste/spinach

food; it

 

is not

 

good because it is not

or treated with chemicals.

2. Подпись: about getting proteins. Many people do not get

Подпись: 3. fresh/expect/upset She was Подпись: to get Подпись: at the restaurant because she vegetables,

essential/careful/enough/plenty People should be of

not canned ones.

4. Подпись: are TVpersonalities/heroes/influence Many children’s

Подпись: These people oftenthe attitudes of the children.

D. React

DIRECTIONS: America’s attitude toward food is different from many other countries. Have you changed your "food style" in the United States? Put a check beside the following statements that are true for you. Share your ideas with a classmate or with the class.

In the United States, I eat

more

less

more meat

less meat

more junk food

less fresh food

more frozen food

fewer sweets

more canned food

more at breakfast

less at breakfast

more at lunch

less at lunch

more at dinner

less at dinner

a faster breakfast

a later breakfast

an earlier lunch in a later dinner

restaurants

more often. less often

In the United States, I ate some things for the first time.

I really like____________________________________

I really hate____________________________________

E. Word Analysis Part 1

DIRECTIONS: Look at the endings for adjectives below. Are the italicized words in the sentences adjectives or nouns?

NOUNS ADJECTIVES

success successful (full of)

value value/ess (without)

religion religious

Note that – ful and – less cannot be added to all nouns. For example, "val­ueful" is not a word, but valueless is.

NOUN ADJECTIVE

1. His work is always careless and messy.

2. That’s a wonderful idea.

3. A thoughtful person is one who is kind.

4. There are various possibilities for the party.

5. Everyone was shocked. It was a senseless murder.

6. He does everything with care.

7. How important is success?

8. Only a few things in life are changeless.

9. That diamond is a priceless antique.

10. She watched the kitten with wonder.

Part 2

DIRECTIONS: In other chapters, you have studied parts of the boldfaced words in the sentences. Write the letter of the meaning of the word from the list following the sentences.

1. image055Street noise is one of the disadvantages of living in the city.

2. Many people have gone to a university on the scholarships your company estab­lished, so the benevolence’ of your company is well-known. _

3. The milk in this country is homogenized. Cream is sold in a separate bottle

4. Some universities in the United States have coeducational dormitories.

5. Studies show that smoking cigarettes is unhealthy_____

6. The union disagreed with parts of the contract, so the union and the dompany will

have to renegotiate the contract._____

7. All the scientists convened at a meeting in Geneva.____

8. The community. is quite heterogeneous. so my children are learning to accept different customs and values.

. ла. negotiate again
ib". came together

e c. group of people living in the same area

do not like

• * e. wish to do good

f. different from each other

9.

Подпись: * g. mixed well • h. had things, not an advantage MT not healthy j у work together well jc: male and female students together

The children dislike____ each other, but they usually cooperate_____ with me.

section 4

Look Back

A. Vocabulary

DIRECTIONS: Circle the letter of the choice that best completes each sentence.

1. He is a strong,____ candidate for the presidency.

a. commonplace b. solid с rushed

2. Using a lot of electricity is___

a. rediscovering b. wasteful с well known

3. The Pacific Ocean is very____

a. processed b. expansive с gaining

4. The food is inexpensive but_____

a. tasty b. social с structured

5. He dislikes everything; he has a very poor____

a. well-being b. popularity с attitude

6. There are____ immigrant groups in most large American cities.

a. various b. unchanging с popular

7. What kind of____ does that pie have?

a. filling b. importance с pleasantness

8. is important in fish.

a. Control b. Freshness с Diet

9. ____ is an important factor for most movie personalities.

a. Fame b. Gain с Irony

10. The____ of life is a question for all human beings. What is life’s meaning?

a. waste b. essence с attitude

В. Matching

DIRECTIONS: Find the word in column В which has a similar meaning to a word in column A. Write the letter of that word next to the word in column A.

A

В

1.

upset

< a. important

2.

_ _ essential

b. use poorly

3.

ironic

< rush

4. …

…. minimal

• d. worried

5.

immense

t e. large

6.

. waste

f. strange

7. …

alternative

, .g. well known

8. .

famous

h. grow

9.

hurry

– i. plenty

10.

. expand

. j. commonplac

11…….

. … usual –

k. choice

12.

a lot

, 1. almost none

C. Synthesis Questions

1. What kind of food do you miss most from home? If you could have any dish from home right now, what would it be?

2. Many people say that they really like ice cream in the United States. Do you have a favorite American dish?

D. Vocabulary Preview

DIRECTIONS: What shorter words can you see in these words from Chapter 57

(1)

friendliness

(5)

(2)

intercultural

(6)

(3)

knowledge

(7)

(4)

unreality

(8)

specialist

unlucky

unfamiliar

newcomers

Подпись: familiarity (9) disorientated (12) successful (10) homesick (13) impression (11) illness (14) (15) international, intercultural: inter means

Another example:____________

(16) self-conscious, self-image: self means Another example:

E. Skimming

Look quickly at the next page. Answer these questions.

1. What is this page?

2. How is it organized?

F. Scanning

Answer these questions as quickly as possible.

1. How many different kinds of restaurants are listed here?

2. What is the name of an Indonesian restaurant?

3. Which restaurants recommend reservations?

4. Where is Zola located?

5. How many Japanese restaurants are there?

6. Which restaurants are open after midnight?

7. Which restaurant serves Kirin beer?

8. How many health food restaurants are listed?

9. Is Assad’s an Indian restaurant?

10. Where would you like to eat tonight?

Подпись: 69Look Back

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Updated: 18th July 2015 — 3:10 pm