Cities in America

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section 1

A First Look

A. Background Building

1. Where do you come from? From a city? From the suburbs (just outside the city)

or from the country (far from a city)?__________________________________

2. This chapter is about cities in America, but cities everywhere are similar. Write some impressions you have when you think about cities.

3. Which of your impressions are positive? Which are negative? Neutral?

B. Topic

DIRECTIONS: Before you begin to read, look at these topics. There is one topic for each paragraph. Look guickly at the reading to find these topics. Do not read every word at this point. Write the number of the paragraph next to the topic of that paragraph.

1. population information

2. cities are living again

3. where people are moving now

4. a description of cities

5. a house in the suburbs

6. a new type of city resident

7. results of the move back to the cities

C. Reading

DIRECTIONS: Now read.

American cities are similar to other cities around the world: 1

In every country, cities reflect the values of the culture. Cities con – 2

tain the very best aspects of a society: opportunities for education, 3

employment, and entertainment. They also contain the very worst 4

parts of a society: violent crime, racial conflict, and poverty. Amer – 5

ican cities are changing, just as American society is changing. 6

After World War II, the population of most large American 7

cities decreased; however, the population in many Sun Belt cities 8

(those of the South and West) increased. Los Angeles and Houston 9

are cities where population increased. These population shifts (the 10

movement of people) to and from the city reflect the changing val – 11

ues of American society. 12

During this time, in the late 1940s and early 1950s, city resi – 13

dents became wealthier, more prosperous. They had more children 14

so they needed more space. They* moved out of their apartments in 15

the city to buy their own homes. They bought houses in the sub – 16

urbs (areas without many offices or factories near cities). During 17

the 1950s the American "dream" was to have a house in the 18

suburbs. 19

Now things are changing. The children of the people who left 20

the cities in the 1950s are now adults. They, unlike their parents, 21

want to live in the cities. Some continue to move to cities in the Sun 22

Belt. Cities are expanding and the population is increasing in such 23

states as Texas, Florida, and California. Others are moving to older, 24

more established cities of the Northeast and Midwest, such as Bos – 25

ton, Baltimore and Chicago. The government, industry, and indi – 26

viduals are restoring old buildings, revitalizing poor neighborhoods, 27

and rebuilding forgotten areas of these cities. 28

Many young professionals, doctors, lawyers, and executives, 29

are moving back into the city. Many are single; others are married, 30

but often without children. They prefer the city to the suburbs be – 31

cause their jobs are there; or they just enjoy the excitement and 32

opportunities that the city offers. A new class is moving into the 33

cities—a wealthier, more mobile class. 34

This population shift is bringing problems as well as benefits. 35

Countless poor people must leave their apartments in tfieAcity be – 36

cause the owners want to sell the buildings or make condominiums, 37

apartments which people buy instead of rent. In the 1950s, many 38

poor people did not have enough money to move to the suburbs; 39

now many of these same people do not have enough money to stay 40

in the cities. 41

Only a few years ago, people thought that the older American 42

cities were dying. Some city residents now see a bright, new future. 43

Others see only problems and conflicts. One thing is sure: many 44

dying cities are alive again. 45

React

In the reading choose one sentence that you find inter­esting and write it here. Talk about its meaning with a partner.

D. Scanning/Vocabulary Part 1

DIRECTIONS: Write the line number where you find the wordfsj. Then choose the best meaning for the word as it is used in that sentence.

1.

reflect

line number

a.

consider ; ъ

b. shine

c.

mirror „.ji

2.

aspects

line number

. . s • •

a.

benefits

b. sides

. c.

concepts –

3.

opportunities

line number

a.

places

b. chances

c.

needs

4.

conflict

line number

a.

opposition

b. peace

.c-

issue….. . v л ‘

5.

violent

line number

5 ■ _

a.

using force.

b. peaceful

c.

difficult

6.

space

line number

– -.f.

a.

yards

b. land

c.

room

7.

restoring

line number

a.

rebuilding T

b. destroying

c.

building stores in

8.

countless

line number

a.

a few

b. many

c.

homeless……… ,

9.

shift о

line number

a.

drive

b. change

c.

action

0.

alive

line number

a.

interesting

b. revitalized

c.

dying ‘

Part 2

DIRECTIONS: Find a word that is the opposite of the one given. The line where you will find the word is given.

1.

line 4

best

2.

line 5

wealth

3.

line 8

increased

4.

line 14

poorer

5.

line 19

city

6.

line 21

similar to

7.

line 23

growing smaller

8.

line 27

destroying

9.

line 32

boredom

10.

line 45

alive

E. Reading Comprehension

DIRECTIONS: Circle the letter of the choice that best completes each sentence.

1. The author thinks that cities all over the world are_______

a. the same b. similar с different

2. In paragraph 1, the author says that some good aspects of cities are schools, , and things to do.

a. values b. jobs с changes

3. The author gives____ examples of the worst parts of a culture.

a. two b. three с four

4. The population of most large American cities____ after World War II.

a. decreased b. increased с remained the same

5. The population in Houston and Los Angeles,____ the population in most other

cities, increased after the war.

a. similar to b. unlike с as well as

6. City residents became wealthier and more prosperous___ World War II.

a. during b. after_j с before

7. In the 1950s many city residents wanted to_____

a. live in the suburbs b. revitalize the city с live in

apartments

8.

Many people are

now the city.

a. moving from

b. leaving

с returning to

9.

A few years ago,

the cities were

a. alive

b. dying

с entertaining

10.

In paragraph 7,

the author talks about the

of the city.

a. bright future

b. benefits

с opportunities

section 2

Look Again

A. Vocabulary

DIRECTIONS: Circle the letter of the choice that best completes each sentence.

1. The problem of divorce has many different____

a. opportunities b. benefits с aspects

2. The United States is a wealthy nation, but there is still______ here.

a. space b. opportunity c. poverty

3. I don’t like living with a roommate. I’m moving_____ my family’s house.

a. back to b. from с out of

4. She is____ her sister; she is very tall and her sister is very short.

a. similar to b. unlike с like

5.

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One benefit of living in this apartment is that it has more_____

В. Reading Comprehension

DIRECTIONS: Mark these events in the order that they happened. Number I happened first, number 2 happened second, and so on through number 10.

image025image026Подпись: d. t They had large families.

They moved to the suburbs. World War II ended.

They wanted houses of their own. City residents became wealthier. Their children grew up.

They wanted to live in the cities. They are rebuilding many cities. They are returning to the cities. They needed more space.

С Think About It

1. Where do you find the following? In a city? The suburbs? The country? In all three?

a. opportunities for good education

b. condominiums

с quiet, open space

d. factories______

e. a lot of crime

f. racial conflict

g. high cost of living

h. opportunities for employment

i. entertainment

j. big houses

2. Where do you want to live in the future? In the city? In the suburbs? Or in the country?

3. What is important for you in this decision? Put number 1 next to the most im­portant item, number 2 next to the second most important, and so forth.

________ a lot of space____________________ convenience

________ educational opportunities___________ good apartments or houses

———— entertainment and action____________ beautiful scenery

———— cost of living_____________________ interesting people

—- _і— friendly neighbors__________________ (other)_____ !___

________ very little crime_________________________________

D. Graph Reading

DIRECTIONS: Look carefully at the chart of the population of seven cities in the United States (Figure I). Answer the questions below.

City Population Chart: Seven U. S. Cities

1970

1980

1984

Percent (%) change 80-84

Baltimore

905,000

787,000

764,000

-2.9

Boston

641,000

563,000

571,000

1.4

Chicago

3,369,000

3,005,000

2,992,000

.4

Houston

1,234,000

1,595,000

1,706,000

6.9

Los Angeles

2,812,000

2,967,000

3,097,000

4.3

Miami

335,000

347,000

373,000

7.4

Seattle

531,000

494,000

488,000

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Figure 1

1. Which city had the largest population in 1970?_______________

2. Which city had the smallest population in 1970?______________

3. In which cities did the population increase in both 1980 and 1984?

4. In which cities did the population decrease in both 1980 and 1984?

5. In which cities did the population decrease in 1980 and increase in 1984?

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Locate each of these seven cities on the map of the United States above and write its name on the line. The map shows the population change in the states where these cities are located. Write two facts that this map tells you.

1.

2.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

How many of the states can you name where the population has increased more than 10 percent? Write them below.

Updated: 18th July 2015 — 3:10 pm