A Country of Immigrants


section 1

A First Look

A. Background Building

1. Ask your classmates questions about the illustration on the preceding page.

2. If you put cheese, milk and butter into a pot and cook it, what hap­pens to these ingredients? Is the mixture smooth or lumpy?

3. The title of this chapter is "A Country of Immigrants." What kinds of people came to the U. S.? Where were they from? Why did they come? Complete this chart. Compare your information with a class­mate’s information.


B. Topic

DIRECTIONS: Before you begin to read, look at these topics. There is one topic for each paragraph. Look quickly at the reading to find these topics. Do not read every word at this point. Write the number of the paragraph next to the topic of that paragraph.

1. examples of different types of neighborhoods

2. the different faces of immigrants in the United States

3. diversity in American society

4. history of immigration in the United States


As you walk along the street in any American city, you see 1

many different faces. You see Oriental faces, black faces, and white 2

1 faces. These are the faces of the United States, a country of im – «9

migrants from all over the world. Immigrants are people who leave 4

one country to live permanently in another country. 5

The first immigrants came to North America in the 1600s from 6

northern European countries such as England and Holland. These 7

people generally had Ught skin and light hair. They came to live in 8

North America because they wanted religious freedom. In the 1700s 9

and early 1800s immigrants continued to move from Europe to the 10

United States. At this time there was one group of unwilling im – 11

migrants, black Africans. These people were tricked or forced to 12

2 come to the United States, where they worked on the large farms 13

in the south. The blacks had no freedom; they were slaves. In the 14

1800s many Chinese and Irish immigrants came to the United 15

States. They came because of economic or political problems in their 16

countries. The most recent immigrants to the United States, the 17

Indochinese, Cubans, and Central Americans also came because of 18

economic or political problems in their own countries. Except for 19

the blacks, most of these immigrants thought of the United States 20

as a land of opportunity, of a chance for freedom and new lives. 21

In the United States, these immigrants looked for assistance 22

from other immigrants who shared the same background, language, 23

and religion. Therefore, there are neighborhoods in each U. S. city 24

made up almost entirely of one homogeneous ethnic group. There 25

are all Italian, all Puerto Rican, or all Irish neighborhoods in many 26

3 East Coast cities and all Mexican neighborhoods in the Southwest. 27

In Dearborn, Michigan, there is a large group of Lebanese. There 28

are racial neighborhoods such as oriental Chinatown in San Fran – 29

cisco and black Harlem in New York. There are also neighborhoods 30

with a strong religious feeling such as a Jewish part of Brooklyn in 31

New York. And, of course, there are economic neighborhood divi – 32

sions; in American cities very often poor people do not live in the 33

same neighborhoods as rich people. 34

This diversity of neighborhoods in the cities is a reflection of 35

the different groups in American society. American society is a mix – 36

4 ture of racial, language, cultural, religious, and economic groups. 37

People sometimes call America a melting pot and compare its so – 38

ciety to a soup with many different ingredients. The ingredients 39

(different races, cultures, religions, and economic groups) suppos – 40

edly mix together to make a smooth soup. But, in reality, there are a few lumps left in the soup.

Подпись: 41 42 React

Is there some information in the reading you want to know more about? Underline the sentence(s) where you find this information. Talk to your classmates and teacher about it.

D. Scanning/Vocabulary

DIRECTIONS: Scan the reading for these words. Write the number of the line where you find them. Then compare its meaning in the sentence to the meaning of the word(s) on the right. Are the words similar or different? Write similar or dif­ferent on the line.

1. black



2. immigrants


3. such as

for example

4. generally


5. unwilling


6. slaves

free people

7. recent

close to now

8. except for


9. opportunity


10. assistance


11. shared

had together

12. entirely


13. homogeneous

all the same

14. poor


15. diversity


16. supposedly

in reality

Подпись: 21A First Look

E. Reading Comprehension

DIRECTIONS: Circle the letter of the choice that best completes each sentence.

1. Two people of the same race share the same______

a. language b. religion с color

2. The first immigrants in the United States were_____

a. black b. religious people с Indochinese

3. The black Africans in North America were____ immigrants.

a. happy b. unwilling с recent

4. Harlem is an example of a___ neighborhood.

a. religious b. language с racial

5. Immigrants moved_____ other immigrants from their countries.

a. close to b. far away from с without

6. The most recent immigrants came because of_____ problems.

a. racial b. religious с political

7. There____ rich and poor people in the same neighborhoods in the United States.

a. are often b. are not usually с are never

8. The topic of the third paragraph is____

a. immigration b. American society с neighborhoods in

American cities

9. There were more____ immigrants in the East.

a. Irish b. Chinese с Mexican

10. American society is___

a. mixed b. not completely mixed с not mixed at all

Updated: 18th July 2015 — 3:10 pm