As there was Cairo, the segodnyashchy capital of Egypt
The 1st fatimidsky Caliphs governed a half of the Muslim world, together with Egypt, forming the central part of the empire which included North Africa, Sicily, Syria and the western Arabia. Gaukhar, the top military commander of the Caliph, has built the city of Al-Kakhira ("Victorious"; совр. Cairo) – the brand new capital of Egypt since 969. Behind its walls there were pyshnovaty palaces and prestigious institute at a mosque of Egypt Al-Azkhar. Caliph al-Muizz has settled down in the small town and from here operated the empire. Trade with India, Africa and Europe has extended, the burdensome tax system has been abolished; the huge multinational army consisting of Europeans, berbers, Sudanese and the Turk has been created. While Al-Muizz and his successor Al-Aziz were optimum and tolerant governors during whom the economy of Egypt prospered and art of Egypt was on a top, the 3rd Caliph – Al-Hakeem (996-1021 BC) – was the mad and whimsical tyrant. The population of Egypt was indignant with its laws while its support of Byzantium against Catholics and destruction of the temple of the Lord’s Coffin in Jerusalem, became a reason for the First crusade later. Its mysterious disappearance has been apprehended by his followers (it supported Shiites in fight against Sunnites) as confirmation of the messianic importance.
Egypt in the 11th century
During long board of grandson Al-Hakeem, Al-Mustansir), disintegration has begun 1035-94. The empire mostly was supervised by commanders, management was chaotic, and to troubles hunger was added. A number of managing directors have established control over army and have returned the world and welfare of Egypt in an extent of 100 years. Capture of Syria сельджуками and the beginning of Crusades did the empire more and more vulnerable. 1st crusade (1097-99) and followed it were generally motivated desire to seize lands, than to return Christian influence in the Holy Land. Egypt, but, was not exposed to attacks till 1167, by this moment the kingdom of crusaders detained the last fatimidsky coastal area of Palestine. Indignant of rather small friendship between francs and Fatimidami, the sultan сельджуков, Hyp ad-Din, has sent armies to Cairo to show them resistance. The envoy of the sultan, Shirkukh, has occupied the Top Egypt while his nephew, Salakh ad-Din al-Ayyubi – recognised to Europe as Saladin – has taken control of Alexandria.
For this purpose, to behold monuments of art of old Egypt or to spend New Year in Egypt, it is enough to you to gather in a web inquiry «rounds new year Egypt» or «Egypt flaring permits all inclusive» and beautiful rest to you is provided.
You live in the small town of Stavropol? Rounds to Egypt can be got and here in any travel agency.